Towards the Development of a Smart Photovoltaic-Powered Temperature Controlled Poultry Egg Incubator

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



Ronaldo C. Maaño

Technological Institute of the Philippines (TIP) Manila, Philippines

Enrico P. Chavez

Technological Institute of the Philippines (TIP) Manila, Philippines

Roselyn A. Maaño

Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation (MSEUF) Quezon, Philippines


A smart poultry egg temperature controlled incubation is an activity that requires sustainable energy supply for efficient performance, operation, and profitability. The egg incubation process involves the management of fertilized poultry eggs to a satisfactory development level that leads to regular chicks. This paper deals with a design of a poultry egg temperature controlled incubator system. The prototype is composed of an incubator, DHT22 temperature-humidity sensor, heater, and fan. The smartness of the system to maintain the parameter monitored inside the incubation chamber helps in the inverse proportionality of the ambient temperature and the temperature –humidity value inside the chamber. The proportionality may affect the fertility and hatchability of the eggs with an adverse effect on poultry chick production and sustain hatchery process. Sensors and actuators made up the Sensing-Actuation-Power Management Tier, all connected to the microcontroller unit as part of the characterization of the prototype.


smart incubator; solar-powered incubator; temperature controller; poultry